Tinydancer is the first light client for the Solana blockchain.
Protocol Design

Protocol Design


For every block processed by the network, the diet clients query the block head- ers which should contain 2/3 of the staked votes of the nodes in the network, indicating consensus and block confirmation. In addition to receiving the list of validators who voted on the invalid block, clients would also get their stake amounts adding up to super majority stake and the signatures.

Since we don’t want diet clients to store the entire ledger unlike a full node they need access to data from the rest of the network. We assume the network has an honest super minority and each client is at the very least connected to a single honest full node. The diet clients would use DA Sampling for every block as described in the above section. If the client receives all the requested shreds from the validator and it passes merkle authentication then the client can move on to the next stage. If not then it will proceed to request other diet clients in the network recurrently for the missing shreds. Upon failure of these the diet client would know that it should not trust the confirmation and data has been either withheld and/or tampered with.


The above protocol can be made non-interactive by embedding a deterministic randomness function inside the validator client that takes in the Slot number and the diet client’s ed25519 public key as seed to generate a random vector to sample the shreds. This would eliminate the need for the diet client to request the nodes for shreds as the nodes would directly send the shreds to that particular diet client based on the corresponding sampled randomness.